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Phonic knowledge is the understanding of letter/sound correspondence.  In other words, it refers to the learner understanding which letter(s) make which sounds.  The learner can then use that knowledge and phonological awareness to encode (spell) and decode (read) regular words.

The ability to acquire and apply phonic knowledge depends on satisfactory phonological awareness, but both can be developed together.  It is important to incorporate activities which only process sounds or sound patterns, and also activities which they teach the learner to ‘map’ those soundsonto letters or letter patterns.

Vowel Ladder.png

How does Steps develop Phonic Knowledge?

Chunks – onset + rime awareness
Word Building – onset + rime awareness
Initial Sounds – onset + rime awareness, phoneme transposition
Sound Tiles – phonemic awareness + phonic knowledge
Sound Boxes – phonemic awareness + phonic knowledge
Spelling – phonemic awareness, phonic knowledge, visual memory, sequencing
Spelling Test - phonemic awareness, phonic knowledge, visual memory, sequencing
Vowel Sounds (game) – phonemic awareness, auditory discrimination and phonic knowledge
Clear the Skies (game) – phonemic awareness, auditory discrimination and phonic knowledge
Vowel Ladder (game) – phonemic awareness, auditory discrimination, phonic knowledge, blending, decoding/encoding skills
Alphabet (General Section) – phonic knowledge, phonemic awareness
Spelling (General Section) – auditory discrimination, phonemic awareness, decoding/encoding skills


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